Seeking Refuge Under the Southern Cross: The Causes of Confederate Emigration to the Empire of Brazil

  • Robert N.P.F. Saba University of Pennsylvania


Robert N.P.F. examines the emigrations of Confederates from the American South to the Empire of Brazil after the Civil War.

Author Biography

Robert N.P.F. Saba, University of Pennsylvania
Roberto N. P. F. Saba earned his BA (2007) and MA (2010) in History from the University of São Paulo and
currently is a PhD candidate at the University of Pennsylvania. The author would like to thank Steven Hahn, Robert St. George, Stephanie McCurry, Eiichiro Azuma, Vanessa Ogle, Kevin Waite, Mollie Lieblich, and Emma Teitelman for all their suggestions, questions, and comments